Essentials of
Diabetes Care


1. Which of the following best describes the prevalence of diabetes in the United States?

a. Diabetes affects less than 1% of the population
b. Diabetes is more prevalent in younger populations
c. Diabetes affects more than 8% of the population
d. Type 1 is the most prevalent type
e. Diabetes prevalence and cost is not significant

2. Which of the following are considered risk factors for diabetes? 

a. Caucasian descent
b. No family history of diabetes
c. Active lifestyles
d. Healthy weight range
e. Obesity

Of the nearly $404 billion spent on diabetes care in 2017, whic of the following was the costliest?  

a. Gestational diabetes
b. Prediabetes
c. Undiagnosed diabetes
d. Indirect costs for diagnosed diabetes
e. Direct costs for diagnosed diabetes

4. There is strong evidence to support which of the following interventions for Type 2 diabetes: 

a. Insulin treatment
b. Urinary ketone monitoring
c. Reduction of physical activity
d. Diet/nutrition counseling
e. Elimination of dietary carbohydrate

5. Which of the following is considered a primary treatment goal for diabetes management?

a. Reduction in fast food consumption
b. Blood glucose near normal range
c. HbA1c above 8%
d. Increase in exercise tolerance
e. HbA1c at 6-6.5%

6. Which of the following is considered a secondary treatment goal for diabetes management?

a. Improved exercise tolerance
b. Control of blood pressure
c. Decrease in HDL
d. Increase in HbA1c
e. Increase in blood lipids

Which of the following considerations should influence tailoring of dosing for insulin therapy?

a. Meals, exercise, and illness
b. Ability to rotate injection sites
c. The type of insulin syringe or pen used
d. Management of blood pressure
e. Triglycerides control and cholesterol

8. Base on this course, which of the following best describes a key principle for management of Type 2 diabetes?

a. Nurses should administer all medications
b. Physical activity should be very limited throughout the day
c. Controlled cholesterol level is most important
d. Balance in carbohydrate consumption should be achieved
e. Balance in protein consumption should be achieved

9. Which of the following options best describes the effect of exercise to improve the management of Type 2 diabetes? 

a. Lower HDL cholesterol
b. Increases diastolic blood pressure
c. Increases insulin sensitivity
d. Decreases insulin action
e. Weight gain

10. Which of the following best describes what should be considered for counseling on carbohydrate consumption in the management of Type 2 diabetes?

a. The amount of calories in some carbohydrates
b. The elimination of all simple sugars
c. The effect of carbohydrates on weight gain
e. The effect of single glycemic index foods of blood sugars
e. The effect of mixed glycemic index foods on blood sugar